|38||gI Outline of Japanese School Systemh||Previous||Next||JAPANESE|
| Specialized training colleges are divided into three courses (upper secondary course/specialized course/general course) based on the requirements of students. The highest level of such courses is defined as a specialized course (the term is more than two years after completion of upper-secondary education). Students completing the course can transfer to universities or colleges. It can be said that there is an institutional equivalency between upper secondary specialized courses and upper secondary schools, and between specialized courses and universities and colleges. In recent years, the number of students who graduate from universities or junior colleges and enter specialized training colleges has been increasing. Therefore specialized training colleges are providing diverse opportunities for education for Japanfs life-long learning society.
Specialized training colleges are required to meet set criteria for establishing special training colleges as specified by an ordinance of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, as enon-regular institutional schoolsf.