| The adjacent flow chart shows that until the 1960s, post- World War ( reforms focused mostly on educational administration. After the 1970s, reforms shifted from centralization to decentralization. The Board of Education Law in 1948 enabled Japanese educational administration to start over based on the principle of democratization. During the 1950s, when the key policy concern was to secure political neutrality in education, the Board of Education Law was revised and the Law concerning the Organization and Functions of Local Educational Administration was enacted. These reforms promoted centralization of educational administration. We can see the prototype of the educational reform steps taken since the 1980s in the Report of the Central Council for Education based on the three principles (respect for the individual, transition to a lifelong learning system, accommodation to the changes in society such as internationalization and information exchange).