| Based on the law concerned with the advancement of regional devolution (Omnibus Decentralization Act) of 1999, 475 laws concerning not only educational administration but other fields as well were amended to achieve decentralization in Japan. Among them, 21 education-related laws and government ordinances were revised. Besides that, the Enforcement Regulations of the School Education Act were revised in 2000. Due to the revision this time, the introduction of school councilor system, the relaxation of appointment qualification of principal and vice-principal, and the clarification of the position of teacherfs meetings were carried out. With the Educational Reform Program shown in the next slide as a basis, the Education Reform Plan for the 21st Century: the Rainbow Plan was established in 2001 and underwent several revisions to be the present basic policy for educational reform.