|29||gII Japanese Educational Administration and Financeh||Previous||Next||JAPANESE|
| gThe Japanese supervisory system reflects the conversion of the former system of directive educational administration into a system of advisory educational administration as an outcome of post-war educational administrative reforms. The aim of this system is to support schools through constructive guidance and advice based on expert knowledge and experience. Supervisors who are assigned to boards of education take charge of specialized guidance for principals and teachers regarding curriculums and teaching. During the pre-war period, this task was handled by inspectors. Currently, there are two types of supervisors: one type is appointed by municipalities while the other is delegated from prefectural boards of education. Among approximately 1,900 municipal boards of education in Japan, only half of them have supervisors.