| A single Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) is established per school, and PTAs are also set up at national, block, prefectural, and local levels. The national PTA organization provides training and conducts public relations. The National PTA Council, as a PTA organization for elementary schools and lower secondary schools, holds national conferences and workshops, publishes journals and case studies, conducts youth civilizing projects, and commends excellent PTAs and people for distinctive merits. This is designed to promote a combination of school education, social education and home education to promote sound youth development and to improve welfare. In the National PTA Council of upper secondary schools, there are similar activities.