| Parent-Teacher Meetings provide an opportunity for a teacher and parents to consult directly at school. Teachers may have a meeting with parents of students of whole classes or of whole grades. They may also hold meetings with individual parents (individual meetings), or with individual students and their parents (3-person consultation). Individual meetings and a 3-person consultation are planned beforehand, or may be held when parents are called to schools. Meetings involving whole grades and classes are usually held during open class days. For pre-planned meetings involving individuals / 3-person meetings, teachers clarify the objectives of the meetings and schedule them in advance.