|76/td>||gVII Cooperation between School and Local Communityh||Previous||Next||JAPANESE|
| Among public elementary school educational fees, parents incur expenses for school supplies and materials for experiments and practice as primary costs, and transformation as secondary costs. In public lower secondary schools, parents pay expenses for school trips and school excursions as primary costs, followed by expenditures for educational materials excluding school textbooks and other school necessities (school supplies and materials for experiment sand practice, and school uniforms which are mandatory under school rules). Because of the costs of school trips to distant places and club activities as extracurricular activities, parentsf expenditures for lower secondary school children are much higher than those incurred in elementary schools.
--> Total learning expenditure for children by type of school (Mext, gTrends in Total Learning Expenditure of Households for Childrenh 2006)