|44||gII Japanese Educational Administration and Financeh||Previous||Next||JAPANESE|
| Until new criteria for establishing new elementary/secondary school were issued in 2002, laws and criteria described here were the main criteria for determining facilities in elementary schools and lower secondary schools. Even after enactment of the 2002 law, these earlier criteria still in function. These days, the focus has shifted from the provision of facilities to cope with increases in the number of students to the provision of facilities to provide an enabling cultural environment, and to cope with individuality of students and their needs, including diversification of teaching methods. Also, reuse of facilities in response to the decrease in the number of students have eventuated in policies to open school facilities to the public.
(1) Educational finance / laws on facilities / criteria
*Sharing of Expenses for Various Compulsory Education School Facilities (types of classrooms, appropriate school size and conditions) * the Law for the Promotion of Science Education (criteria of science education facilities) *the Law for the Promotion of Education in Isolated Areas (Necessity for providing schools in isolated areas) * Law Governing Special Measures for the Establishment of Special Schools for the Challenged (criteria re facilities of special public schools for the challenged) * the School Lunch law, Standards for the Provision of School Lunches (criteria of facilities for school lunch in compulsory education schools)
(2) Other directives, guidelines, council reports
* Concerning Creation of Cultural Environment for School Facilities (1982) * Concerning School Facilities which Meet the Needs of Diversification of Educational Methods (1988) * Concerning computer-intelligent educational facilities (1990) * Concerning Compounding of School Facilities (1991) * Guidelines on Management of School Facilities (1992)