|6||gVIII Teacher's Qualifications/Training/Appointmenth||Previous||Next||JAPANESE|
| Before WW2, the teacherfs schools conducted pre-service training for elementary school teachers. The teacherfs schools were secondary schools, that is to say, educational institutions which were cut off from academics. On the other hand, teachers of secondary schools were mostly graduates from higher educational institutions such as colleges or universities, though they hadnft received training to be a teacher.
After WW2, institutional reform was conducted, under the ground that all the teachers of elementary and secondary schools be trained at colleges or universities where academic freedom is guaranteed. In order to be an open system, universities are permitted to have courses of pre-service training of teachers approved by the minister of education, culture, sports, science and technology, even if the primary goals of the universities are not directed at teacher's training.
This change was made because it came to be recognized that teaching required a high level of professionalism and that university education would be suitable for achieving this purpose.
Nowadays, pre-service teacher training is conducted using curriculums focused on building the basics of practical teaching abilities. The practical ability to teach is not only the ability to impart knowledge, but also involves the ability to guide and teach children through the ability to understand, communicate and relate to children through teaching and regular guidance. The pre-service training of teachers also focuses on teaching classes designed to nurture practical teaching abilities.
Pre-service teacher training is considered to be a part of the normal teacher's training process, designed to link up the appointment of current teachers with training.